一、說教材（教材分析） Analyzing teaching material
1. 說課型 lesson type (Dialogue/ reading/ listening/ revision)
2. 本課在教材中的地位 status and function
Lesson 33 Saving the Earth is a dialogue. The lesson is focused on the topic of the problems of the earth and the functional items of Supposition/ Intentions/ conjecture/ Prohibition. Since it is a dialogue / reading. It’s helpful to improve the Ss communicative/ reading ability.
3. 說教學指導思想 teaching guideline
(Teaching syllabus: Language is for communication, develop their four skills, lay special emphasis on reading; Grellet put it well in his book developing reading skills: develop reading skill/ discourse analysis; get them to understand the western culture better; improve the ability to discover, analyze & solve the problems; Reading is for information, for fun; Use Top- down model or Bottom- up model to activate Ss schemata; Interactive model)
4. 說教學目標和要求 Teaching aims and demands (…be intended for Ss in key schools)
1）認知目標 knowledge objects
a. Enable the Ss to remember the following new words & phrases:
Damage, lecture, pollute, pollution, room, standing room, be fit for, hear about, turn into
b. Get the Ss to be familiar with this sentence pattern:
If the population keeps growing so quickly, there will only be standing room left…
Give the Ss a reinforced practice on the functional item Supposition.
c. Activate Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution and help Ss to know more about the problem of pollution.
2）智能目標 ability objects
a. Ask the Ss to make up a similar dialogue.
b. Help them to understand the dialogue better and improve the four skills.
c. Develop their ability of thinking independently.
d. Cultivate their ability to discover, analyze and solve problems.
e. Train them to collect information from the Internet.
f. Train them with some effective learning methods to optimize Ss’ learning results.
3）德育目標 moral objects
a. Arouse their interest in learning English;
b. Help them to understand the background of pollution.
c. Enable the students to love our earth and the nature.
d. Be aware of the importance of stopping pollution & protecting our environment.
e. Encourage the Ss to do something to save the earth.
5. 說教學重點 teaching important points (生詞、句型；培養閱讀技能)
a. New words and phrases
b. Sentence pattern: If- clause
c. improve their reading skills.
d. Talking about problems of the Earth.
6. 說教學難點 teaching difficult points (語法；發展交際能力)
a. functional item: Supposition.
b. Develop their communicative ability. Act out their own dialogue.
7. 說教具 teaching aids (multi-media computer, software, OHP)
The teaching syllabus says that it’s necessary for teachers to use modern teaching facilities. It’s of great help to increase the class density and improve our teaching result. It can also make the Ss reach a better understanding of the text by making the classes lively and interesting. At the same time, it arouses the Ss’ interest in learning English.
二、說教法 Teaching methods
Five step method; audio-video; communicative approach;
Task-based learning: New Syllabus Design encourages teachers to use this teaching method. TBLT can stimulate Ss’ initiative in learning and develop their ability in language application. Make the Ss the real masters in class while the teacher himself acts as the director and bring their ability into full play.
三、說學法 Study methods
1. Teach Ss how to be successful language learners.
2. Teach Ss how to develop the reading skill — skim & scan; how to communicate with others; how to learn new words; how to learn independently;
3. Get the Ss to form good learning habits.
I. 復習 (Revision) 5min (Daily report; 詞匯diagram; brainstorming; activate schemata)
Activity 1: Imagination
1). Suppose a bottle of ink is turned over and dirties your white shirt, what is to be done? (Wash it? Or throw it away?)
2). Suppose you catch a bad cold, what’s to be done?
3). Suppose your bike is broken, what’s to be done?
4). And suppose the earth, on which we all live, is damaged, what’s to be done?
* What can you think of when you see “pollution” this word?(waste, environment, air, water, factory, desert, climate... Try to activate the Ss schemata regarding the topic of pollution.)
II. 呈現 (Presentation) 5min
Activity 2: Presentation
Play the song “Earth Song” sung by Michael Jackson. (Create an atmosphere)
A lot of pictures and video clips about the causes and results of the three problems mentioned in this lesson will be shown on the screen with the help of the computer.
Ss’ presentation on pollution. Attract their attention, arouse their interest, and create a good atmosphere for communication.
* Activate their schemata and cultivate their ability in collecting information from the Internet and develop their ability in thinking independently.
III. 對話 / 閱讀 (Dialogue)18m
1. Pre- reading
Activity 3: Prediction
1st listening/ fast reading, one guided Q to help Ss to get the main idea:
What do you think is discussed at the conference?
2. While- reading
Activity 4: Read and answer
2nd listening/ careful reading, more Qs to get the detailed information. Develop their reading skills: skim & scan. Pay attention to the pronunciation, stress & intonation.
* 閱讀: Pre-reading; while-reading; post-reading (fast reading/ careful reading; skim/ scan; 識別關鍵詞key words；確定主題句；創設信息差information gap；T or F; 填表格chart/diagram; Predicting; Make a timeline; Make a story map。達到對課文的整體理解和掌握。So that they can have a good understanding of the whole text.)
3. Post- reading
Activity 5: Language focus
While Ss are answering the Qs, the teacher deals with some key language points.
a. is being caused b. and so on c. go on doing
d. be fit for e. standing room f. if- clause
IV. 操練 (Practice) 10m
Activity 6: Retell
Use your own words to retell the dialogue in the 3rd person.
Activity 7: Acting out
Activity 8: Drill – Supposition
Purpose: Practise the functional item of Supposition. (P. 33 Part 2; P.113, wb Ex. 3)
(Retell; act out; role play)
V. 鞏固 (Consolidation) 6m
(Discussion; interview; press conference; debate; quiz)
Activity 9: role play
Suppose you were head of a village, scientist, journalist and villager, make up a conversation and ask several groups to demonstrate in front of the class.
* The Ss are encouraged to use the words and expression_r_rs like pollution, damage, be fit for, turn into, the if- clause, etc.
Activity 10: Discussion
Think of the question: Are we causing damage to the world?
What should we do to save the earth and protect our environment especially in our daily life?
Collect their answers and form a report.
VI. 作業 (Homework) 1m (Writing; continue the story; recite; retell)
Write a letter to the mayor, telling him sth. about the pollution around your school.
A Brief Instruction to the topic of “What should I do?”
Shangyuan Middle School Li Yi Cai
Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is LiYiCai. I come from Shangyuan Middle School in Nanjing.Today I’m going to talk about the topic” What should I do?”I will divide the instruction into seven parts： they are Teaching material Analysis, Teaching aims, Teaching emphasis, Teaching difficulties, Teaching methods, Teaching aids and Teaching procedures.
Part 1 Teaching material analysis
This period is from Unit 3 of 9A Oxford English. First of all,I’d like to talk about my understanding about this lesson.We have learned Star sings in Unit 1 and Colours and moods in Unit 2.We have also learned how to write a formal recommendation letter and how to write a report on the moods of people in last two units.Today we are going to learn two letters to a famous youth worker about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.So this unit links with a special meaning of Unit 1 and Unit 2.This period is the first lesson of Reading.The main idea of the topic is how to express their problems and ask for advice.We are going to learn the ways to deal with problems and stress in following lessons.So this period is very important in this unit.
Part 2 Teaching aims
1．Aims of the knowledge:
（1）To know the spelling of some words and usage of some phrases.
（2）To learn something about Millie’s and Simon’s problems.
（3）To grasp the main idea of Reading and use the information to talk to others about one’s problems and how to deal with them.
2．Aims of the ablilities:
（1）To improve the ability of getting information by reading.
（2）To improve the ability of retelling the story.
3．Aims of the emotion:
（1）To understand how to write about problems and to express feelings.
（2）To ask for advice to solve the problems.
Part 3 Teaching emphasis
1．To master the ‘to’-infinitives and ‘wh-’words+‘to’-infinitives.
2．To get the ability of general reading and getting information.
Part 4 Teaching difficulties
1．To recognize and understand vocabulary about problems.
2．To ask for advice
Part 5 Teaching methods
In this topic,I will use five-step Teaching Method and Task-based language Teaching.I design some tasks to help the students learn.I think if I want to improve the students’ oral English,I should give them enough chances to practice and I will use pair work,group work to let the students take an active part in all kinds of activities.That is “Learning by doing,learning by using”.Let the students be the masters of the class teaching,thus,student-centered teaching method is well shown.
Part 6 Teaching aids
Projector，slide show，tape recorder and blackboard
Part 7 Teaching procedure
The purpose is to arouse the students’interest of study.
Let’s have a free talk.
T：Have you got problems?
T：What is it?
S：Eating too much makes me unhealthy.
T：What about you?
The purpose is to develop the skills of skimming and how to gain the main idea of the articles.
1．Ask students to read two letters and answer the following questions:
①What is Millie’s favorite hobby?(Painting)
②What is Millie’s problem?(She doesn’t have enough time for hobbies and homework.)
③When does Simon play football?(After school until late)
④How do his parents feel about it?
(They don’t like this and ask him to go home before 6 p.m.)
2．Ask students if there are words that they do not know.
Explain some new words briefly.
The purpose is to develop the skills of scanning and how to gain the details from the articles.
1．Listen to the tape and answer some question about “True”or“False”.
2．Ask students to read the articles again and explain some important phrases.
How to solve the problems；hand in；on time；at the moment；
can’t find any time for my hobbies；feel bad；give up；
achieve a balance between the two；hear form；make unhappy
The purpose is to develop the skills of retelling with the key words
1．Ask students to make sentences with phrases that we have learned.
2．Try to retell the outline of the articles.
3．Encourage students to say something about themselves.
Step Ⅴ．Summary and homework
The purpose is to give the students a clear idea of how to express their problems and revise the articles.
1．Ask students to revise the words and phrases
2．Ask students to write a letter about himself after class.
During my teaching，I’ll try my best to get my class alive and encourage the students to talk with each other in English. I think the general aim of English teaching is to improve the ability of using English. And I’ll use this to guide my teaching.